Summary Foliage: Dark green, leathery leaves, oval shape with golden yellow fall colour Bark: White bark that peels Height: 25 to 60 feet Spread: 15 feet Shape: Upright, narrow oval and single-trunked with low branches Growth Characteristics: Fast-growing They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Birches are generally lowland species, but some species, such as Betula nana, have a montane distribution. In the fall the leaves turn a bright yellow before they are shed for the winter. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. What ... Q. The bark of this elegant himalayan birch tree peels each year, revealing the next layer of perfectly white bark which is accentuated by lenticels lines. The wood is very hard and heavy, and quite brittle. This tree has been performing nicely in the front range cities of Colorado. A wonderful large yard tree with terrific yellow fall coloring. In the British Isles, there is some difference between the environments of Betula pendula and Betula pubescens, and some hybridization, though both are "opportunists in steady-state woodland systems". There are some pests that feed on birch; you should keep your eyes peeled. Prior to the 1970s, it was one of the most popular drum woods. It is used as drops to the ears to relieve earache. Birch wood is sometimes used as a tonewood for semiacoustic and acoustic guitar bodies, and occasionally for solid-body guitar bodies. Birch trees (Betula spp.) The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Elegant and beautiful, it is known for its spectacular white bark and attractive leaves turning a clear yellow in autumn. You may be familiar with some species of birch that have beige or brown bark, but … Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has an open pyramidal habit with a graceful and delicate branching. Bark, in particular, is loaded with betulinic acid which has powerful anti-inflammatory activity. Deciduous. jacquemontii. Raised lumps or ridges can be seen on the trunk and branches. display colorful and textural bark qualities that are unusual among tree species. Birch pollen can cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to these plants and spices. They provide beautiful, green leaves during most of the year and vibrant yellow color in the Fall. The flowers are known as catkins.. Each scale bears a single small, winged nut that is oval, with two persistent stigmas at the apex. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Decoction of the bark of Himalayan Birch is used for sprinkling over fresh wounds to control bleeding and quicker healing. Terms & conditions Bark is widely used for packaging material (particularly butter), roof construction, umbrella covers, bandages, and more. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Parts of the plant, including the fungal growth (bhurja-granthi) have also long been used in local traditional medicine. Birch trees (Betula spp.) [19] It's associated with marriage and love. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Birches often form even-aged stands on light, well-drained, particularly acidic soils. Other Common names: White-barked Himalayan Birch. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Birches are also associated with the Tír na nÓg, the land of the dead and the Sidhe, in Gaelic folklore, and as such frequently appear in Scottish, Irish, and English folksongs and ballads in association with death, or fairies, or returning from the grave. These scales bear two or three fertile flowers, each flower consisting of a naked ovary. Female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits that contain numerous small winged seeds which usually mature in July to August. Bath with birch leaf water is a good way to strengthen the hair roots and prevent problems like dandruff. Sanjukta Gupta, "Laká¹£mÄ« Tantra: A Pāñcarātra Text", Brill Archive, 1972. SKU. It is also a common material used in mallets for keyboard percussion. This happens on both the trunk and branches. According to legend, the bark was also used as clothing by followers of Lord Shiva. It has also been used throughout the centuries as a general digestive tonic. Cold infusion of the bark of Himalayan Birch is given in a dose of 15-20 ml to treat cough. Bark can be softened in oil and applied to rheumatic joints. Tiny monoecious flowers appear in late spring in separate catkins. Dutch berk, Low German Bark, Danish birk, Norwegian bjørk), itself from the Proto-Indo-European root *bÊ°erHǵ- ~ bÊ°rHǵ-, which also gave Lithuanian béržas, Latvian Bērzs, Russian beryóza, Ukrainian beréza, Albanian bredh ‘fir’, Ossetian bærz(æ), Sanskrit bhurja, Polish brzoza, Latin fraxinus ‘ash (tree)’. Both male and female flowers are present on the same tree, though they develop separately. Due to its anti-inflammatory nature, it is highly effective in relieving digestive problems. American poet Lucy Larcom's "Swinging on a Birch Tree" celebrates the game. Native to the Himalayas, it is medium-sized with an open habit and pyramidal shape. The silver birch tree is of special importance to the Swedish city of UmeÃ¥. The yellow birch is the official tree of the province of Quebec (Canada). Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. Sage has been using its bark as a part of their lower garments. I want to fill ... Q. Yellowing Leaves On A Silver Birch - I have six Silver Birch trees in a grove. Anther cells open longitudinally. jacquemontii) is variable, but there are excellent AGM varieties guaranteed to develop that desirable white bark.These include ‘Doorenbos’, ‘Jermyns’, ‘Silver Shadow’ and ‘Grayswood Ghost’. The tree depends on moisture from snowmelt, rather than from the monsoon rains. Plant has thin, papery bark which is very shiny, reddish brown, reddish white, or white, with horizontal lenticels. With the popularity of Himalayan Birch trees increasing, there are a number of varieties to choose from. Foliage at top of the canopy first becomes sparse. Leaves consist of antiviral and antibacterial properties that help protect the body from infection and also speed up recovery from any infection that you may have. The common name birch comes from Old English birce, bierce, from Proto-Germanic *berk-jōn (cf. Rounded open habit. Outer bark can also be used as a waterproofing and for roofing houses. The most widespread use is for firewood, which has caused large areas of habitat to be eliminated or reduced. It can also be used to help relieve internal inflammation affecting the digestive and respiratory systems. West Himalayan Birch Jacquemontii is very distinctive because of its bright smooth, white bark and dark green leaves, which turn a golden yellow in autumn. The Sanskrit word for the tree is bhûrja—sharing a similarity with other Indo-European words that provide the origin for the common name “birch”. As the name implies, this tree has bright white bark on the trunks, and limbs. The pistillate aments are erect or pendulous, solitary; terminal on the two-leaved lateral spur-like branchlets of the year. Apart from that leaves also consists of mild laxative properties meaning that they can be consumed to help relieve constipation and support more regular bowel movement. Flowers are known as catkins.. Yellow-brown catkins appear in early spring. Wood pulp made from birch gives relatively long and slender fibres for a hardwood. However, since white birch trees are susceptible to fungal infections, you must control even seemingly insignificant problems immediately. Tea can be used to relieve common digestive complaints like a cramp, abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea. Leaves are used with other diuretic herbs to reduce fluid retention and swellings. Birch leaves appear in wedged shaped that have a pleasant odor with a bitter taste. It bears alternately arranged, ovate, dark green leaves, which warm up to bright yellow in fall before they shed for the winter. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. They form in early autumn and remain rigid during the winter. Most nurserymen will go on to name the second most popular tree as Betula utilis var. Betula utilis was termed and named by botanist David Don in his Prodromus Florae Nepalensis (1825), from specimens collected by Nathaniel Wallich in Nepal in 1820. Himalayan birch (Betula utilis) is a perennial tree that belongs to Betulaceae family.In ancient times, the bark of Himalayan birch was used as a paper for writing lengthy scriptures. The plant is found growing in temperate broad-leaved forests and normally prefers medium to wet, well-drained loamy, sandy or rocky, heavy clay soils and dislikes wet soils. Note: many American texts have B. pendula and B. pubescens confused, though they are distinct species with different chromosome numbers. Himalayan birch, Betula utilis var. Stem and the roots are used in the treatment of rheumatism, anaemia, coughs and as a wash for cuts and wounds. see more; Family Betulaceae . septentrionalis C.K.Schneid, Betula bhojpattra var. Each scale bears two bractlets and three sterile flowers, each flower consisting of a sessile, membranaceous, usually two-lobed, calyx. [7], White-barked birches in particular are cultivated as ornamental trees, largely for their appearance in winter. Q. The effects are perhaps mild and doubtful to help you overcome more serious sleep issues, but if you are simply feeling a little on edge, it is worth giving it a go. The borers can’t attack a healthy tree. The scales of the staminate aments when mature are broadly ovate, rounded, yellow or orange color below the middle, dark chestnut brown at apex. [citation needed] This resonance compensates for the roll-off of low and high frequencies in the speakers, and evens the tone. [12][13], Preliminary research indicates that the phytochemicals, betulin and possibly other triterpenes, are active in Episalvan gel and wound healing properties of birch bark. Wood is used for bridge construction, and the foliage for fodder. Birch trees are beautiful. For Urinary Tract Conditions The thin walls cause the fibre to collapse upon drying, giving a paper with low bulk and low opacity. Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin and hence no longer use is recommended. Privacy Policy jacquemontii, is a popular and extremely ornamental silver birch. Plant Betula away from patios or parking areas, as they often attract aphids that don’t really bother the tree, but drop sticky honeydew that can be unpleasant to deal with. Keeping the tree as healthy as possible can prevent bronze Birch borers and Birch leaf miners. Birch leaf might increase the amount of salt (sodium) that the body retains, and this can make high blood pressure worse. They often have very bent growth due to the pressure of the deep winter snow in the Himalaya. The Ornäs birch is the national tree of Sweden. About 3-5 inches long yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins and about 1.5 inches long greenish female flowers appears in much smaller, upright catkins. Technically the main differences between the variety and the species are that the variety has fewer vein pairs per leaf (7-9 pairs for the variety and 10-14 pairs for the species) and whiter bark. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Amalananda Ghosh, "An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology", BRILL, 1990, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "UK team germinates critically endangered Japanese birch", Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, "From a traditional medicinal plant to a rational drug: Understanding the clinically proven wound healing efficacy of birch bark extract", "History of fracture treatment up to the sixteenth century", "Our Young Folks: Swinging on a Birch-Tree, by Lucy Larcom & Winslow Homer (1867)", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birch&oldid=997317357, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Birch wood is fine-grained and pale in colour, often with an attractive, Fragrant twigs of wintergreen group birches are used in, Birch is also associated with the feast of, Birch twigs bound in a bundle, also called birch, were used for, Birch plywood was specified by the BBC as the only wood that can be used in making the cabinets of the long-lived. [12] Although its mechanism of action in helping to heal injured skin is not fully understood, birch bark extract appears to stimulate the growth of keratinocytes which then fill the wound. [20] There are numerous folkloric Russian songs in which the birch tree occurs. The white, paper-like bark of the tree was used in ancient times for writing Sanskrit scriptures and texts. It has delicate oval shaped, dark green leaves which turn golden yellow in the autumn and decorate the tree perfectly. Betula albosinensis var. Because of this, birch tea can be used to help treat common joint conditions like arthritis and rheumatism. Himalayan Silver Birch is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for convulsions, dysentery, hemorrhages, and skin diseases. Bark of Himalayan birch was used centuries ago in India as paper for writing long scriptures and texts in Sanskrit and other scripts, mostly in historical Kashmir. Birch tree consists of betulinic acid that gives it its anti-inflammatory properties, which are beneficial for treating conditions like arthritis, high cholesterol, heart and kidney edema, and cystitis. Traditional uses and benefits of Himalayan Birch, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/153060/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7157, https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Betula+utilis, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=e358, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-21801, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betula_utilis. Be the first to review this product. The white, paper-like bark was used in ancient times for writing Sanskrit scriptures and texts. To treat your skin with the leaves, Soak some birch leaves in a jug of water for at least a few hours and then strain the solution. Birch leaves can be used to make a tea or juiced to help treat inflammation or infection in the urinary tract. All rights reserved. Wood is tough, even grained, moderately hard, and elastic and is used for construction. Birch leaves when consumed in the form of a tea can help to boost the body’s immune system. Buds of the birch tree are a rich source of vitamin C, tannin, and flavonoids, which makes them effective in the prevention of viral infections and even the formation of cancer. The buds form early and are full grown by midsummer, all are lateral, no terminal bud is formed; the branch is prolonged by the upper lateral bud. Bathing in water infused with birch leaves is another effective way of treating the skin, prevent dandruff and to help strengthen your hair roots. Paste made from the bark is used as a poultice on cuts, wounds and burns. The pistillate scales are oblong-ovate, three-lobed, pale yellow-green often tinged with red, becoming brown at maturity. Birches have spiritual importance in several religions, both modern and historical. 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