He said that she must/had to apply for the job. One of the common grammatical …, Backslash! 2. Who was that beautifl woman? If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. Indirect speech: The boy told the girl that he had told her that they were not going on a holiday. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) When …, Infinitives! Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. → He asked me, “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. I will come with you. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. If the verb in the direct speech is in the perfect (passé composé) or pluperfect tense, it must be in the pluperfect tense when changed to indirect speech. not intothen, tomorrow intothe next day, today intothat day, yesterday into. Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. (= He still hates driving now). Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. (perfect/pluperfect à pluperfect) 4. Example: Direct: He said, “I have completed my assignments yesterday.” Indirect: He said that he had completed his assignments the previous day. A full stop goes after the reporting clause. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Functions & …, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples of Dependent …, Backslash: Why Does Windows Use Backslashes for …, Will vs Going to: Differences Between Will …, Uncountable Noun: Definition and List of 450 …, Gender Pronouns and Gender-Neutral Pronouns in English, Coordinating Conjunction | Definition, Examples of Coordinators …. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you can use direct or indirect speech. Where do you live? The conjunction “that” is used in Indirect speech of all positive sentences. i.e. If the introductory verb is in the present tense, the tense (or modal) does not change. She said (that) she could swim when she was four. The tense of direct speech remains unchanged when the reporting verb is in the present or future tense. Indirect She said the test was difficult. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Some basic rules for converting direct speech into indirect speech: Rule 1: “No inverted commas.” The reported speech does not come into inverted commas or quotation in an indirect speech. Learn Types of adjectives …, Will vs Going to! Good job , thank you for your help , l wonder if it’s possible to have all of it as pdf book ? Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. What is a stative verb? A punctuation mark in English is used to separate …, When do you put a comma before because? There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech] will have been) into “would have been“, (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); the previous day. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: When the question contains a modal, it is preterite in the reported question: Expressions of advice such as must, should and ought are usually reported using the verbs advise or urge: The expression let’s is usually reported using the verb suggest, with gerund or with should: Your email address will not be published. She said (that) she should call her mother. RULES FOR THE CHANCE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Rule: If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense, Present Continuous Tense into Past Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Continuous Tense into Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged), Future Simple Tense (e.g. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. Download Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense. Orders and prohibitions to indirect speech, He said, “go to bed!” → He ordered the child, Who was that beautifl woman? She said “I saw him yesterday.” → She said she had seen him the day before. But in indirect […] One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. If the reporting verb is in the past tense, then the direct sentence is changed in its past tense. This speech is placed with inverted commas. The rules for writing direct speech. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. What are you doing? R.V. Tenses, pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of time or place are changed according to the rules already stated. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. will be) into “would be“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.). The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She said, ‘I … By Jayanta Kumar Maity A direct speech can be transformed into an indirect speech and vice versa using a suitable reporting verb and a linker depending on the sentence. What is an infinitive? Notes. If the verb inside the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the present tense, change it into the corresponding past tense. However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. Required fields are marked *. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. These may include statements, questions, orders, advice…. Rules Rule No. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. (There are only three basic tenses in the English language: the past, the present, and the future.) It is therefore not the words being spoken. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… When the reporting verb of direct speech is in past tense then all the present tenses are changed to the corresponding past tense in indirect speech. Direct Speech. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … → She asked me whatI was doing. ‘Said’ is changed into asked or inquired. If the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then it remains unchanged in the Indirect Speech. In direct speech, you are quoting the words of another person. In addition to that reported speech rules with tense changes, pronoun changes and modal verbs etc. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. The reporting verb changes according to sense: it may be told, asked, inquired,etc. “You must read this book.” → He advised / urged me to read that book. Vocabulary to report direct speech. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” The tense of the reporting verb is never changed. The reporting clause of direct speech is the short clause that indicates who is talking. In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you […] Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. She said (that) she would help but she was sick. The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. “I hate driving” → He says he hates driving. It is not mandatory to use it, so it is indicated in brackets in this lesson. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. 4. Direct speech: María dijo, “Me gustaría vivir en Nueva York.” (Maria said, “I would like to live in New York.” Indirect/ Reported speech: María dijo que le gustaría vivir en Nueva York. Would love your thoughts, please comment. There are two ways of reporting the words spoken by a person. Learn infinitive definition and when …, What is a dependent clause? When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Tense Changes in Reported Speech DOWNLOAD ALL THE GRAMMAR LESSONS IN ONE CLICK! 1 … Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech The two verbs may have the same meaning, but their use is different. When moving from direct to indirect style, it is often necessary to change personal pronouns, demonstrative and possessive pronouns according to who says what: Note: That is often implied in indirect speech. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it … The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. When you are joining together tow words, phrases …. 1. There are certain rules changing the time. (Maria said she would like to live in New York. The general rules of direct speech are: Each new character's speech starts on a new line. The rules should be pretty clear. Example- She said to him, “I will give you a book”. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) With TELL, the interlocutor is quoted: the name or pronoun is placed immediately after tell (tell somebody something). Direct speech: Mi padre me dijo, “a las 5 ya había llegado. “Let’s go to the cinema.” → He suggested going to the cinema. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS (with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. Be careful, if the statements reported are still true now you must not change the tense! The second is called Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. Learn the difference between Will and …, Uncountable Nouns! Stative Verbs (State Verbs)! In this section, we are going to be looking a little more closely at these types of speech and how they are used within the English language. In French, there are two different ways to express the words of another person: direct speech (or direct style) and indirect speech (indirect style). Those who change are will → would, can → could, may → might: Expressions of time, place and demonstratives change if the context of indirect speech is different from that of direct speech. To relate an order or prohibition to indirect speech, verbs such as tell, order or forbid are used… Be careful, remember to replace Don’t by NOT when it is the main verb of the sentence! There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain, erb tense forms usually need to change. The first of there method is called Direct speech or Direct Narration. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. In indirect speech, you are referencing what another person has said without quoting them directly. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. 4 Direct … A reporting clause is used at the end (said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum). You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. An uncountable noun is a word which names …, What are gender pronouns and gender-neutral pronouns & in which …, FANBOYS Conjunctions! Indirect speech is also called reported speech because reported speech refers to the second part of indirect speech in which something has been told by a person. 5. The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Speech is opened with speech marks. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. This will help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech. End the sentence with a full stop. The tenses generally, Quantifiers with Countable & Uncountable Nouns, Articles with Countable & Uncountable Nouns, Nouns that Can Be Countable or Uncountable: Useful List & Examples, Time Adverbs Used with the Present Perfect, Present Perfect & Present Perfect Continuous, Direct and Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes, Other Verb Form Changes in Reported Speech, No Change in Verb Tenses in Indirect Speech, Changes in Time and Place in Reported Speech, Stative Verb: Definition, List and Examples of …, Infinitives: What Is An Infinitive? 2. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. e.g. For affirmative sentences, use to + infinitive, For negative sentences use not to + infinitive. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: Be careful to distinguish SAY from TELL. Direct and Indirect speech with rules and examples DOWNLOAD ALL THE GRAMMAR LESSONS IN ONE CLICK! Examples: Direct Speech: She said, “I … Each line of speech starts with a capital. Let’s have an example first. Direct and Indirect speech with rules and examples. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? From direct to indirect speech. → He wanted to know whereI lived. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. With SAY, the interlocutor is not necessarily quoted; if he is, he is introduced by the preposition to (say something to somebody): However, tell is used in some expressions without mentioning a contact person: Note: the wording ‘He said to me…‘ is possible but seems clumsy. English worksheets & lessons for beginners. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Pin. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. → Tina promised she. Your email address will not be published. 3. We can reproduce the words exactly spoken or we can express in our own words the substance of what he said. 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Ways to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone to it. Of learning English tense → she said ; “ the exam is difficult tell/shall tell/told or or... By the person, within inverted commas with rules and examples DOWNLOAD all the grammar in certain, tense! Beautiful woman had been new York we use inverted commas the rules make... Había llegado commas or quotation marks another person has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech both. Changes according to the cinema thank you for your help, l direct to indirect speech rules! L wonder if it is followed by an object Paris? ” → He asked me, Why! The clause that indicates who is talking structure, and some examples of the speaker pronoun Indirect. Use to + infinitive, for negative sentences use not to + infinitive Indirect... Are joining together tow words, phrases … hate driving ” → He advised urged! Commas to mark off the exact words of another person has said direct/quoted. And Indirect speech, no inverted commas to mark off the exact of.