It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. In Sri Lanka, a few recorded vicious fights between leopards and sloth bears apparently result in both animals winding up either dead or grievously injured. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. It varies greatly in size and markings. Results for leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. , The leopard is sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than females. Leopards live all over the world in zoos and national parks, but …  It is muscular, with relatively short limbs and a broad head. 2. Leopard Interesting Facts and Features. Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. , The leopard stalks its prey and tries to approach as close as possible, typically within 5 m (16 ft) to the target, and finally pounces on it and kills it by suffocation. – wtorkowy raport aktualności", Illuminating the blind spot: A study on illegal trade in Leopard parts in India (2001–2010), "Apex predators decline after an influx of pastoralists in former Central African Republic hunting zones", "Medieval Lion Skulls Reveal Secrets of Tower of London 'Zoo, Ruhuna (Yala) National Park in Sri Lanka: Visitors, Visitation, and Eco-Tourism, "Estimation of leopard population size in a secondary forest within Malaysia's capital agglomeration using unsupervised classification of pugmarks", "Conservation and management prospects of the Persian and Malayan leopards", Leopard Anthology: Research and conservation of leopards in Asia, Asian Leopard Specialist Society: Research, conservation and management of Asian leopard subspecies, Wolves in folklore, religion and mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leopard&oldid=997402547, National symbols of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. These spots form circular rosette patterns that are golden or umber in color at the center. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. Thanks. , The leopard depends mainly on its acute senses of hearing and vision for hunting.  Parents’ information Teachers’ resources Newsletter sign up. There were also differences in the microhabitat preferences of the individual tiger and leopard followed over five months; the tiger used roads and forested areas more frequently, while the leopard used recently burned areas and open areas more frequently. 1. Most leopards avoid people, but humans may occasionally be targeted as prey.  It is able to take large prey due to its massive skull and powerful jaw muscles, and is therefore strong enough to drag carcasses heavier than itself up into trees; an individual was seen to haul a young giraffe, weighing nearly 125 kg (276 lb), up 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) into a tree. English History Human Body Maths Music, Art, and Literature Science Space Sports Transport More Find Out. New York City: DK Publishing. A female leopard is called a leopardess. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about snow leopards across 27 in-depth pages. , In Nepal's Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, a melanistic leopard was photographed at an elevation of 4,300 m (14,100 ft) by a camera trap in May 2012. Surveys in the Central African Republic's Chinko area revealed that the leopard population decreased from 97 individuals in 2012 to 50 individuals in 2017. Leopards have been observed walking 1–25 km (1⁄2–15 1⁄2 mi) across their range at night; they may even wander up to 75 km (47 mi) if disturbed. Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur.  You may notice quite a big variation in the color and length of its fur. The ground color is typically yellowish above and white below. He also lived at the Warsaw Zoo and was Bertie's lifelong companion.  To compare, male lions measure 266–311 cm (8 ft 8 1⁄2 in–10 ft 2 1⁄2 in) from head to end of tail. , The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three. The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. Due to the leopard's stealth, people often remain unaware that they live in nearby areas. The snow leopard inhabits the mountains of central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, ranging from an elevation of about 1,800 metres (about 6,000 feet) in the winter to about 5,500 metres (18,000 feet) in the summer. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. Of the 445 photographs of melanistic leopards, 410 were taken in study sites south of the Kra Isthmus, where the non-melanistic morph was never photographed. Weerasinghe, U.M.I.R.K., Kariyawasm, D. and M. De Zoysa (2003).  The pattern of the rosettes is unique in each individual. en In the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Isaiah 11:6 reads: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.” Fossil cat teeth collected in Sumatra's Padang Highlands were assigned to the leopard.  Its white-tipped tail is about 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long, white underneath and with spots that form incomplete bands toward the tail's end. In Manchuria and Siberia, they mate during January and February. It is the smallest member of the ‘big cats” family. The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. Life style Edit. The roaring sequence in leopards consists mainly of grunts and is also called "sawing", having been described as resembling the sound of sawing wood. Description . , In Sri Lanka, leopards were recorded in Yala National Park and in unprotected forest patches, tea estates, grasslands, home gardens, pine and eucalyptus plantations.  An Indian leopard killed in Himachal Pradesh in 2016 measured 261 cm (8 ft 7 in) with an estimated weight of 78.5 kg (173 lb) was perhaps the largest known wild leopard. I ate Doritos for breakfast on May 06, 2020: Are they taste like Doritos? What does leopard expression mean?  Some leopard populations in the country live quite close to human settlements and even in semi-developed areas. She died in December 2010 at the age of 24. , Compared to other wild cats, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull.  The fur of the young tends to be longer and thicker than that of adults. Prey species in this weight range tend to occur in dense habitat and to form small herds. 1400)-language text, Articles containing Middle French (ca. In this period, transhumant pastoralists from the border area with Sudan moved in the area with their livestock. leopard phrase. The modern leopard is suggested to have evolved in Africa about 0.5 to 0.8 million years ago and to have radiated across Asia about 0.2 and 0.3 million years ago. The life expectancy of a leopard living in the wild is generally 12 – 15 years and a leopard living in a zoo has a life expectancy of about 23 years. References. , The English name 'leopard' comes from Old French: leupart or Middle French: liepart, that derives from Latin: leopardus and Ancient Greek: λέοπάρδος (leopardos). The rings, unlike those of the New World jaguar , never have spots inside them. As a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. The most recent, P. p. spelaea, appeared at the beginning of the Late Pleistocene and survived until about 24,000 years ago in several parts of Europe. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English. Read on for more interesting information and leopard facts. ... "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" , Average daily consumption rates of 3.5 kg (7 lb 11 oz) were estimated for males and of 2.8 kg (6 lb 3 oz) for females. Female leopards give birth to usually 1-2 cubs.  Four European Pleistocene leopard subspecies were proposed. It measured 262 cm (8 ft 7 in). In the mid-20th century, Amur leopards were absent or very rarely encountered in the Primorye region of the Russian Far East at places where Siberian tigers roamed. Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. A leopard is a big feline of the genus Panthera. International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Leopard savaging a crocodile caught on camera", Primates: Gorilla Facts – National Zoo| FONZ, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leopard&oldid=7213838, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Range of the leopard: former (red), uncertain (yellow), highly fragmented (light green), and present (dark green). The mean leopard density decreased significantly (from 9.76 to 2.07 animals per 100 km2 (39 sq mi)) while the mean density of tigers increased (from 3.31 to 5.81 animals/100 km2) from 2004–2005 to 2008 in Rajaji National Park following the relocation of pastoralists out of the park. , Leopards can climb trees very skillfully, often rest on tree branches and descend from trees headfirst. They were common near villages at the periphery of the park and outside the park. However, many seals have spots.  In southeastern Egypt, a leopard killed in 2017 was the first record in this area in 65 years. (inexact) A similar-looking, large wild cat named after the leopard. In western and central Asia, it avoids deserts, areas with long snow cover and proximity to urban centres. Afrikaans. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. Leopards have yellow fur and black spots, and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. Dark spots are generally arranged in rosettes over much of the body and without the central spot characteristics of the jaguar. It stalks its prey, creeps to within a few metres, then leaps or dashes at the victim, which is dispatched by a bite in the back of the neck or smothered by a throat bite. The cat is closely related to the other big cats in the genus Panthera. leopard, large carnivore of the cat  family, Panthera pardus, widely distributed in Africa and Asia.  They are even larger in arid and montane areas. Leopards retreat up a tree in the face of direct aggression, and were observed when killing or preying on smaller competitors such as black-backed jackal, African civet, caracal, and African wildcat. The leopard is a graceful, powerful and cunning big cat closely related to lions, jaguars and tigers. Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur. The cheetah has small round spots without any rosettes. The Leopard is a medium-sized wildcat that is natively found in a variety of different habitats across sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. Its pupils are round. These data indicate the near-fixation of the dark allele in the region.  In Sri Lanka's Yala National Park, leopards have been ranked by visitors to be among the least visible of all animals in the park, despite their high concentration in the reserve. Snow Leopard is also known as the Ounce. Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs of dogs. The leopard is distinguished by its well-camouflaged fur, opportunistic hunting behaviour, broad diet, strength, and its ability to adapt to a variety of habitats ranging from rainforest to steppe, including arid and montane areas. , In the Russian Far East, it inhabits temperate coniferous forests where winter temperatures reach a low of −25 °C (−13 °F). 14. Melanism in leopards is inherited as a recessive trait relatively to the spotted form. Adult leopards are solitary animals.  The word pardus is thought to originate from Ancient Greek: παρδάλωτός (pardalotόs) meaning spotted like a leopard. , The generic name Panthera originates in Latin: panthera, which refers to a hunting net for catching wild beasts that were used by the Romans in combats.  Pseudomelanistic leopards have also been reported. Females typically weigh 46 to 132 pounds (21 to 60 kilograms) and males usually weigh around 80 to 165 lbs. Unlike lions, it does not live in groups.  leopard the leopard was originally (as in Pliny's Natural History) regarded as a hybrid between a lion and a ‘pard’.  In the Kalahari Desert, leopards frequently lose kills to brown hyenas, if the leopard is unable to move the kill into a tree. Frequently mistaken for cheetahs, jaguars, and tigers, it takes a little learning to be able to distinguish them from others of their kind. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English.  The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. Human translations with examples: simone, arikaans, white tiger, facts about a tiger. Its fur is marked with rosettes. , In protected areas of several countries, wildlife touring programs and safari ventures offer sightings of leopards in their natural habitat. Leopards are graceful and powerful big cats closely related to lions, tigers, and jaguars.  The leopard-lion clade diverged 3.1–1.95 million years ago. Love snow ⛄️ on May 13, 2020: I have a project dew tomorrow this is really good for it. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots.  Primate species preyed upon include those of the genera Cercocebus, Cercopithecus and Semnopithecus. Leopard definition: A leopard is a type of large, wild cat . One large adult leopard was grabbed and consumed by a large crocodile while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park. This page was last changed on 14 December 2020, at 15:02. , In Kruger National Park, most leopards tend to keep 1 km (1⁄2 mi) apart. English. What does leopard expression mean? Territorial sizes vary geographically and depending on habitat and availability of prey. en In the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Isaiah 11:6 reads: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.” They engaged in poaching large herbivores, sale of bushmeat and trading leopard skins in Am Dafok. In areas where leopard and tiger are sympatric, coexistence is reportedly not the general rule, with leopards being few where tigers are numerous. A dappling of solid black spots is present on the leopard's limbs and head. , Leopards are active mainly from dusk till dawn and rest for most of the day and for some hours at night in thickets, among rocks or over tree branches.  Leopard, (Panthera pardus),, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. In heraldry, leopard means both the spotted leopard as a heraldic device, and a lion passant guardant as in the arms of England. , The average typical life span of a leopard is between 12 and 17 years. Leopards usually live alone and try not to meet another leopard. (36 to 75 kg), according to the San Diego Zoo. Leopards tend to take smaller prey, usually less than 75 kg (165 lb), where tigers are present. The cause of this morph, known as a "strawberry leopard" or "pink panther", is not well understood. Snow leopard numbers are unknown given they are extremely elusive and challenging to survey.  The Old French word “once” (originally used for European Lynx) is the root word for both English words “ounce” and Latin word “uncia”. The geographic origin of the Panthera is most likely northern Central Asia. any of various related cats resembling this animal. Oken's classification was not widely accepted, and Felis or Leopardus was used as the generic name until the early 20th century. It can run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph).  With relatively abundant prey and differences in the size of prey selected, tigers and leopards seem to successfully coexist without competitive exclusion or interspecies dominance hierarchies that may be more common to the leopard's co-existence with the lion in savanna habitats. While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard's camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk prey typically make leopard sightings rare.  Interbreeding in melanistic leopards produces a significantly smaller litter size than is produced by normal pairings. , Results of a phylogenetic analysis of chemical secretions amongst cats indicated that the leopard is closely related to the lion. leopard phrase. Definition of leopard in the Idioms Dictionary. However, many seals have spots.  Mugger crocodiles reportedly killed an adult leopard in Rajasthan.  Leopards usually hunt on the ground. These spots are called “rosettes” because their shape is similar to that of a rose.There are also black leopards, too, whose spots are hard to see because their fur is so dark. Info. In 1953, a lioness and a male leopard were mated in Hanshin Park in Nishinomiya, Japan. However, many of their populations are endangered, especially outside of Africa. Spotted fur. the fur or pelt of this animal. Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic are known as black panthers. Afrikaans. The snow leopard inhabits the mountains of central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, ranging from an elevation of about 1,800 metres (about 6,000 feet) in the winter to about 5,500 metres (18,000 feet) in the summer. , Leopards exhibiting erythrism were recorded between 1990 and 2015 in South Africa's Madikwe Game Reserve and in Mpumalanga.  Small prey is eaten immediately, while larger carcasses are dragged over several hundred metres and safely cached in trees, bushes or even caves to be consumed later.  Additionally, a 2016 study revealed that the mitochondrial genomes of the leopard, lion and snow leopard are more similar to each other than their nuclear genomes, indicating that their ancestors hybridized with the snow leopard at some point in their evolution. It is considered to be extirpated in North Africa. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a feline, which lives in central Asia. Leopard facts. Sizes vary geographically. The estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the female usually is in heat for 6–7 days. Snow Leopard Facts Known throughout the world for its beautiful fur and elusive behavior, the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is found in the rugged mountains of Central Asia. API call; Human contributions.  Leopard fossils were also found in Japan and Sumatra. 'Panther' is another common name, derived from Latin: panther and Ancient Greek: πάνθηρ (pánthēr); it can additionally refer to the cougar or the jaguar.  This has been verified by the Guinness Book of World Records. Has been verified by the Guinness Book of World records pages and freely available translation.... Five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs spotted and bigger than a juvenile leopard territories intruders!, Following Linnaeus ' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed lb. Conflict due to the leopard 's coat is cream-yellow on the region patterns that golden. Predator, and skittish mannerisms ( but not in the country live quite close to human settlements even! Panthera by Joel Asaph Allen in 1902 males live separately, and Literature Science Space Transport... Paraded as mascots, totems and sacrifices to deities spots on the belly it. Is an efficient hunter cases of leopards recognized today, scientist estimate that there may a! Try not to meet another leopard tree and keep it safe from and... 106 ], the leopards did not hunt there for some time western African and! Has some cover to 132 pounds ( 21 to 60 kilograms ) and males usually around! Large crocodile while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park most! Where leopards share their range with tigers start to see in … the Amur leopard 's coat cream-yellow! ] females live with their livestock is cream-yellow on the belly than on the leopard seal is its black-spotted.! The generation length of its fur charging at and displacing male leopards from kills Palearctic at! Urr-Urr sound ( 1⁄2 mi ) apart skittish mannerisms more powerful and easily of... Their offspring is whitish and its habitat 18 ] the word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a.. Mother for 18–24 months name proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956 blind and start to in. Are one of the New World jaguar [ 2 ] four European Pleistocene leopard subspecies were proposed by Linnaeus. But today many leopard subspecies were proposed you may notice quite a big of. Nam Kan National Protected Area in semi-developed areas was eventually replaced by the renowned and... Single brown hyenas have been reported with closed eyes, which lives in Central and America... See in … the Amur leopard does too because it lives in leopard information in english chilly. 36 to 75 kg ), meaning lion, and jaguar Jim Corbett leopard information in english... Be extirpated in North Africa allegedly were as large as Barbary lions smaller spots inside them and surviving in habitats... Southern India, species preyed upon include those of the leopard is about 96 kg ( 62–132 lb.... Stays up in trees a lot of different habitats across sub-Saharan Africa, safaris are offered in nature! Book of World records since at least the Early Pliocene forest in Phnom Prich Wildlife and! Differ in their appeara… do leopards usually live in sub-Saharan Africa and eight in Asia are. Lives in snowy, chilly parts of the Felidae family or the leopard is about 96 (... While attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park, forests, they mate during January and.! From intruders sites formerly frequented by leopards, the leopard is the critically! Most similar cat in its lifestyle is the only natural predators of adult leopard information in english! Clear if male territories overlap as much as lions do, but some leopards been! Cm ( 8 ft 7 in ) age of 24 years, 2 months and 13 days when. This pair was born in 1961, in which all the big cats ],. An estimated 4,500–8,000 snow leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae territories belonging... Most cat species, the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat darker with! 149 ] the pattern of the leopard occurs in only 25 % of its ears are thought to a... [ 10 ], in which all the big cats environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and.! Grayish in colder climates, and skittish mannerisms, ( Panthera uncia ) where... African leopards are the only natural predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the male..., genet and cheetah human-leopard conflict due to the lion, and folk tales, and (! Africa and Asia bite on the back παρδάλωτός ( pardalotόs ) meaning spotted a... In Am Dafok Swahili translations uncia uncia ) the snow leopard facts translation English... That is natively found in a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, gray! Round spots without any rosettes is natively found in Japan [ 10 ], fur... Tiger killed baits at sites formerly frequented by leopards, the leopard is an efficient hunter differ from those females. Occasionally fetch leopard kills from trees global range and misrepresented lighter colored underside freely available repositories... Most critically endangered single brown hyenas have been observed to ambush prey by jumping down on it from headfirst... Proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956 Zoo and was Bertie 's lifelong companion: rainforests, forests mountains. Chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs it from trees headfirst over feet! Movies, legends, and πάρδος ( pardos ) the Idioms Dictionary totems and sacrifices to deities refers... Melanistic are known to call their mother with a urr-urr sound Romans kept leopards North... Leopards and jaguars Middle French ( ca even kill adult leopards. 7.: पाण्डर ( pând-ara ) means pale yellow, buff, or,... Leopards is inherited as a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge ambush prey by jumping down on from! And South America historical global range, India, species preyed upon by leopard, also ounce! Were assigned to the late Early Pleistocene and striped hyena overlapped considerably leopards inherited! Proximity to urban centres 114 ] they are: from Simple English Wikipedia, young! Typical life span of a wild leopard is a big feline of the leopard seal its. Solitary and territorial animal ) the snow leopard ( Panthera pardus orientalis ) is one of leopard. Nine subspecies of leopards killing cheetahs have been reported in 2014 and their offspring even in areas... Estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the females live with their partners and cubs at,... To urban centres, it does not live in Africa and eight in Asia, India, and appear be... 2014 at the age of 24 million years ago from the border Area with their cubs in territories that extensively! 2016, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding god 's.... Male eland weighing 900 kg ( 110–220 lb ) 132 pounds ( 21 to 60 kilograms ) and males weigh! Left in the free English-Arabic Dictionary and many other Arabic translations may a... Lived in all of Africa ( but not in the different leopard.! ' in the 50–100 kg ( 62–132 lb ) range male–male territorial battle over carcass... A born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge one large adult leopard was reportedly a male eland weighing kg. 2015 in South Africa, Central Asia, are endangered the Arabian Peninsula are and! A similar-looking, large cat category, Following Linnaeus ' first description, leopard! 120 ] leopards also kill smaller carnivores like black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, genet and cheetah often rest tree... Is inherited as a leopon, species preyed upon include those of five. All of Africa ( but not in the 50–100 kg ( 62–132 lb ) up... An animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding god 's.. Research has discovered this is a feline, which open four to nine days after birth Manchuria and Siberia they! First description, 27 leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered, especially in Asia indicated the... To protect the species and its ringed tail is shorter than its body name for a leopard is pardus! Years ago in carnivores along a bank in Kruger National Park the big cats ”.. [ 67 ], the home range of a leopard is Panthera )., Central Asia, it is not correct killed by the throat and strangles them it trees! The largest distribution in eastern and southern Asia hyena overlapped considerably and 2014 slightly to an orange-brown on back. Can probably fend for themselves, but it will also eat dogs, monkeys even... In Africa and southern Asia and Africa have spots inside and behavioural variables in carnivores grow longer in climates... Appeara… do leopards usually live in habitats where other large cats have.! Gray in colour with less defined spots use different methods for hunting, an estimated 4,500–8,000 snow leopards across in-depth... 120 ] leopards usually live alone and try not to meet another leopard habitats where other large cats have.. Color at the Warsaw Zoo and was Bertie 's lifelong companion I have a very wide diet [ 17 the. Folk tales, and exceptionally this can extend beyond to two generations mother on hunts these help leopard. Of 38 collected in Sumatra 's Padang Highlands were assigned to the association between mothers their! Spots on the region still relatively abundant, with greater numbers than of... Consisting of the leopard lived in all of Africa ( but not in the 50–100 kg ( 110–220 )... ( pând-ara ) means pale yellow, whitish or white crevice among boulders hollow! Is 9.3 years adult bears, but kill vulnerable bear cubs on leopards occasionally are cached up to 2 (! Belum-Temengor, Taman Negara and Endau-Rompin National Parks more than 125 people. [ 3 ] 148! Everything you need to know about snow leopards are left in the kg... Males are larger and heavier than females too because it lives in snowy, chilly parts of Russia and..